Guru Pema Gyalpo
Guru Pema Gyalpo is one of the eight manifestations of Guru Rinpoché. As a result of his teachings in Uḍḍiyāna, the king, queen and others attained realization and the rainbow body. At that time, he was known as Padmarāja, the lotus king, or Guru Pema Gyalpo in Tibetan. In this form, Guru Rinpoché is painted as a young prince seated in royal ease posture on an ornate throne. With his right hand, he plays the ḍāmaru and with his left hand, he holds a mirror.
At the top center is Śākyamuni Buddha, the buddha of our age. On the left is the first of the past eighteen buddhas, Dīpaṃkara, who in Tibetan iconography represents all of the buddhas of the past. With his right hand, he performs the blessing mudrā at his heart and his left hand is placed in his lap. On the right is the future buddha, Maitreya, with both hands at his heart.
At the bottom left is Guru Nyima Özer (Sūryaraśmi, གུ་རུ་ཉི་མ་འོད་ཟེར་, Rays of the Sun), who is another one of the eight manifestations of Guru Rinpoché. He is depicted as an Indian yogīn, holding a khaṭvāṅga in the right hand and emanating rays of the sun with his left index finger. In charnel grounds, he taught the Vajrayāna to the ḍākinīs and subjugated the dharmapālas, binding them under oath to protect the Dharma.
At the right is the wrathful Guru Dorjé Drolö (གུ་རུ་རྡོ་རྗེ་གྲོ་ལོད་, Wild Wrathful Vajra), who is another one of the eight manifestations of Guru Rinpoché. He is shown maroon in color with one face and two hands holding a vajra and kīla while riding on the back of a pregnant tigress. He assumed this crazy wisdom manifestation in Paro Taktsang in Bhutan in order to bind the worldly spirits under oath to protect the terma treasures and to serve the Dharma.
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